Periodontal Disease In Turkey

Periodontal Disease in Turkey: A Problem of Significant Proportion

Turkey is experiencing an epidemic of periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. This condition affects approximately 80 percent of the population, and it is the most common cause of tooth loss in the country. The prevalence of this condition is much higher than in other parts of the world, making it a major public health issue in Turkey.

The primary cause of periodontal disease in Turkey is poor oral hygiene. Many people in the country do not brush their teeth regularly and have poor diet and lifestyle habits. This leads to plaque buildup on the teeth, which can lead to gum inflammation and infection. As the disease progresses, it can cause tissue damage, which makes it more difficult to treat.

The consequences of periodontal disease are significant. It has been linked to several systemic health issues, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections. It can also lead to pain and discomfort, making it difficult to eat and speak. In addition, it can lead to social isolation and depression due to the negative effects on one’s appearance.

Several studies have attempted to identify the risk factors for periodontal disease in Turkey. These studies have found that smoking, poor oral hygiene, and diabetes are associated with an increased risk for the condition. Other factors, such as stress and poor nutrition, may also play a role.

Public health campaigns have been launched in an effort to improve oral hygiene in Turkey. These campaigns emphasize the importance of brushing, flossing, and visiting a dentist regularly. There is also an effort to educate the public on the importance of a healthy diet and lifestyle.

Despite these efforts, periodontal disease remains a major public health issue in Turkey. More research is needed to better understand the risk factors for the condition and to develop effective prevention and treatment strategies. In the meantime, public health campaigns should continue in order to encourage people to adopt healthy habits and to seek treatment for any oral health issues that may arise.

Prevalence of Periodontal Disease in Turkey

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is common in Turkey, affecting the majority of the population. According to the Turkish Ministry of Health, periodontal disease is the third most common cause of tooth loss in the country, affecting one in four adults.

Periodontal disease is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth, which can lead to gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, an infection of the tissues and bones that support the teeth, leading to tooth loss and even receding gums.

There are several factors that can increase the risk of periodontal disease in Turkey, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, diabetes, and poor nutrition. Additionally, there is a lack of knowledge about the seriousness of the condition and how to prevent it.

As a result, the prevalence of periodontal disease in Turkey is higher than in other countries. A study conducted in 2019 found that 44% of adults in Turkey had periodontal disease, and that the prevalence was higher among older adults and people with lower incomes.

In response, the Turkish Ministry of Health has implemented several initiatives to increase awareness of the condition and to promote oral health. These include educational campaigns and providing free dental care to low-income individuals. Additionally, the government has implemented a mandatory dental check-up for children aged 6 to 12, which is designed to help diagnose and treat periodontal disease in its early stages.

Despite these efforts, the prevalence of periodontal disease in Turkey remains high. To reduce the burden of this condition, it is important to raise awareness and promote healthy oral hygiene practices. This includes brushing and flossing regularly, seeing a dentist for regular check-ups, and quitting smoking. Additionally, it is important to address the underlying risk factors, such as poor nutrition and diabetes, in order to reduce the prevalence of periodontal disease in Turkey.

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease in Turkey

Periodontal disease is a major public health problem in Turkey, affecting more than one-third of the population over the age of 35. This oral health condition is characterized by inflammation of the gums, which can cause tooth loss if left untreated. While the exact cause of periodontal disease is unknown, certain risk factors have been identified that increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

The most well-known risk factors for periodontal disease in Turkey are smoking and poor oral hygiene. Smoking increases the risk of developing periodontal disease by two to six times compared to non-smokers. Poor oral hygiene, such as not brushing and flossing regularly, also increases the risk of periodontal disease. Other risk factors include diabetes, genetic predisposition, and certain medications.

In addition to the risk factors mentioned above, there are also certain lifestyle and environmental factors that can contribute to the development of periodontal disease in Turkey. Stress has been linked to an increased risk of developing periodontal disease, as has an unhealthy diet. Air pollution has also been identified as a risk factor for periodontal disease in some studies.

The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to practice good oral hygiene and see a dentist regularly. Brushing and flossing twice a day can help to remove bacteria and plaque buildup, while regular visits to the dentist can help to diagnose and treat the condition in its early stages. Quitting smoking and managing stress levels can also reduce the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Treatment of Periodontal Disease in Turkey


Periodontal disease is an oral disease that affects the gums, bones and other tissues that support the teeth. It is one of the most common chronic diseases of the oral cavity and is seen in all parts of the world. In Turkey, periodontal disease is a widespread problem, with an estimated prevalence rate of approximately 50%. It is estimated that more than half of the population aged 35 and over suffers from periodontal disease.


The exact etiology of periodontal disease is still unknown; however, it is believed to be caused by a combination of different factors, including genetic predisposition, bacterial plaque, smoking, poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, certain medications, and systemic diseases such as diabetes.

Signs and Symptom

The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease vary depending on the stage of the disease. The most common signs and symptoms include gingival inflammation, recession of the gums, bad breath, and loosening of the teeth. Other signs and symptoms include bleeding gums, pus around the teeth, and pain when chewing.


The diagnosis of periodontal disease is based on a thorough clinical examination, which includes an evaluation of the gums and teeth, and x-rays of the teeth. The diagnosis is usually confirmed by the presence of certain signs and symptoms, such as gingival inflammation and recession of the gums.


The treatment of periodontal disease depends on the severity of the disease. In mild cases, treatment may only involve the removal of plaque and tartar deposits and professional cleaning of the teeth. In more severe cases, treatment may involve more invasive techniques such as periodontal surgery.

In Turkey, periodontal therapy is commonly provided by general dentists, although there are a few specialist periodontists who provide more advanced treatments. The most commonly used treatments for periodontal disease in Turkey include scaling and root planning, pocket elimination surgery, flap surgery, and bone grafting.


Periodontal disease is a common chronic oral disease that affects a large proportion of the population in Turkey. The exact etiology of the disease is still unknown; however, it is believed to be caused by a combination of different factors. The diagnosis of the disease is based on a thorough clinical examination and x-rays of the teeth.

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